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Full text of "A history of Persia"

RISE OF THE SAFAVI DYNASTY       249
and asked for an armistice, which was granted. In the
following year a second Persian ambassador reached the
Ottoman camp. He was the bearer of a friendly letter,
in which permission was requested for Persian pilgrims to
visit the sacred cities. In reply Sulayman wrote that
there would be peace between the two states so long as
the Persians did not break it, and that the governors of
the frontier provinces would be instructed to protect
pilgrims bound for Mecca and Medina. This peace
ended the first series of campaigns between Persia and
Turkey, in which the latter power had generally been the
aggressor, while the former had mainly confined itself to
the defensive.
The Betrayal of Bayazid^ son of Sulayman.—In A.M. 967
(1559) Bayazid, son of Sulayman, rebelled and sought
refuge in Persia. He was received with much ceremony
at Tabriz, but by way of precaution his troops were
distributed among the Persian contingents. Sulayman
opened a correspondence fojrthe surrender of his son, and
Tahmasp, with detestable baseness, showed himself but
too ready to sell his guest. Some two years were spent
in arranging terms, but in A.H. 969 (1561) Bayazid and
four of his sons were handed over to the Ottoman
emissaries and were executed. The price paid to Shah
Tahmasp for the betrayal of his guest was 400,000 pieces
of gold.
The Embassies of Anthony Jenkinson to Bokhara and
Persia, A.D. 1558-1563.—The intercourse of England
with the rulers of Persia, which has been described in
previous chapters, now reached a new and more important
development.1 Under the Tudor monarchs our fellow-
countrymen were writing a glorious chapter in the book of
fame in connexion with Arctic exploration, wherein the cross
of St. George showed the way. Among the earliest and
most profitable voyages was the expedition which resulted
in the discovery of the White Sea by Richard Chancellor,
and the lucrative trade with Russia which was thereby
opened up. This intercourse was developed by Anthony
1 Early Voyages and  Travels to Russia and Persia, edited by Morgan and Coote
(Hakluyt Society).